Anxiety is defined by the American Psychological Association (APA) as “a sensation of tension, anxious thoughts, and bodily changes such as elevated blood pressure.” Knowing the difference between normal anxiety and an anxiety disorder that necessitates medical attention can aid in the diagnosis and treatment of the disease.
Anxiety is a natural reaction to stress that affects almost everyone at some point in their lives. It’s fairly common to have anxiousness on occasion. It’s the way our brain reacts to stress and puts us on the lookout for potential danger.
What Are Anxiety Disorders?
It’s natural to feel worried while embarking on a new endeavour, such as starting a new job, relocating, or taking an exam. They’re unpleasant, but they’re not harmful. In fact, a little nervousness now and then can inspire you to work more.
Anxiety disorders are the most frequent type of emotional illness, and they can strike anyone at any age. People with anxiety disorders usually worry and fear about ordinary circumstances in an intense, excessive, and persistent manner.
Anxiety disorders can affect anyone at any age, although women are more likely than males to develop this medical disease. An anxiety problem can be treated with the correct treatment.
Some of the common signs and symptoms of anxiety disorder include:
- Feeling nervous, restless or tense
- Experiencing an increased heart rate
- Having a sense of impending danger, panic or doom
- Sudden overwhelming fear
- Breathing rapidly (hyperventilation)
- Having difficulty controlling worry
- Trouble concentrating
- Trouble sleeping
- Feeling weak or tired
- Experiencing gastrointestinal (GI) problems
- Having the urge to avoid things that trigger anxiety
There are even types of anxiety in people.
8 Types of Anxiety
- Generalized Anxiety Disorder
Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD) is characterised by excessive and persistent concern about a variety of topics. People with GAD may be extremely anxious about money, health, family, work, or other matters, and may predict disaster. GAD sufferers have a hard time controlling their anxiety.
- Social Anxiety Disorder
Social phobia, also known as social anxiety disorder, is a psychological condition in which you experience excessive anxiety and self-consciousness in social circumstances. People who suffer from social anxiety disorder are always concerned about being judged or perceived poorly by others.
People with this anxiety condition can avoid circumstances or places that could trigger a panic attack or make them feel helpless, confined, or embarrassed.
- Panic Disorder
A panic episode is triggered by a strong sense of fear. A panic episode can cause a person to sweat, have shortness of breath, chest pain, and have a hammering heartbeat or palpitation.
- Separation Anxiety Disorder
Separation anxiety is a sort of anxiety condition in which you are constantly worried about losing your loved ones. It is commonly referred to as a childhood disorder since it has the greatest impact on a child’s development as a result of their parents’ separation.
- Specific Phobias
Certain phobias occur when you have a strong fear of a specific environment or thing, such as heights or flying. Excessive apprehension over a certain circumstance may force you to avoid even routine situations.
- Medication-induced Anxiety Disorder
The symptoms of anxiety disorder might be triggered by the withdrawal symptoms of certain substances or treatments.
- Selective Mutism
It’s a sort of social anxiety condition in which children have trouble speaking in specific contexts, such as school or social gatherings, but are perfectly normal with their immediate relatives.
How Are Anxiety Disorders Diagnosed?
If you experience anxiety disorder symptoms, your doctor may ask you questions or conduct tests to understand more about your health condition and prescribe drugs accordingly. If your doctor cannot uncover a physical cause for your symptoms, they may refer you to a psychiatrist, psychologist, or other mental health professional.
Your doctor evaluates how long you’ve had symptoms and how severe they are when making a diagnosis. It’s critical to tell your consultant everything you think might be related to your anxiety issue.
How to Treat Anxiety Disorders
The symptoms of anxiety disorder can be relieved through medications or psychotherapy.
Depending on the severity of your anxiety disorder and the symptoms, your psychiatrist might prescribe you any of the following medications:
It’s a sort of therapy in which you understand how your emotions influence your actions. Talk therapy is another name for it. A skilled mental health practitioner listens to your thoughts and feelings and suggests solutions for you to manage your anxiety issue in this therapy.
The most prevalent type of psychotherapy is cognitive-behavioral therapy, in which the therapist teaches you how to change negative or panic-inducing ideas and behaviours into positive ones.
Managing Your Anxiety Disorder
It is always preferable to prevent rather than cure. Though there is no way to foresee when someone may develop an anxiety disorder, you can take a few actions and make a few lifestyle changes to help decrease or prevent the symptoms of anxiety disorder. You ought to:
- Stick to your treatment plan
- Cut down on foods and drink that contain caffeine
- Avoid alcohol and recreation street drugs
- Eat a healthy diet and exercise regularly
- Get better sleep
- Meditate regularly for better concentration
- Manage your negative thoughts
- Get together with friends
Anxiety problem can only be defeated if you want it to. If you notice that your mental health is deteriorating, you should get help from a skilled expert. Be strong!
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